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IPM
30
YEARS OLD

“School of Philosophy”

Paper   IPM / Philosophy / 8092
   School of Analytic Philosophy
  Title: Varieties of Epistemic Conservatism
  Author(s): H. Vahid
  Status: Published
  Journal: Synthese
  Vol.: 141
  Year: 2004
  Pages: 97-122
  Supported by: IPM
  Abstract:
According to the thesis of epistemic conservatism it would be unreasonable to change one's beliefs in the absence of any good reasons. Although it is claimed that epistemic conservatism has informed and resolved a number of positions and problems in epistemology, it is difficult to identify a single representative view of the thesis. This has resulted in advancing a series of disparate and largely unconnected arguments to establish conservatism. In this paper, I begin by casting doubt on the claim of widespread and genuine applications of the conservative policy. I then distinguish between three main varieties of epistemic conservatism, namely, differential, perseverance and generation conservatism Having evaluated various arguments that have been offered or may be considered on behalf of the conservative thesis, I close by concluding that those versions of the thesis that survive critical scrutiny fail to live up to the aspirations of the thesis as a substantive canon of rationality, that to the extent that principles of conservatism are epistemically promising, they are not plausible. While to the extent that they are plausible, they are not of much epistemic interest.

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