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Paper   IPM / Philosophy / 8086
School of Analytic Philosophy
  Title:   Knowledge and varieties of epistemic luck
  Author(s):  H. Vahid
  Status:   Published
  Journal: Dialectical
  Vol.:  55
  Year:  2001
  Pages:   351-362
  Supported by:  IPM
  Abstract:
Knowledge is generally regarded as being distinct from a lucky guess. Yet, while it is often thought that knowledge and epistemic luck are incompatible, it is, nevertheless, acknowledged that some of kind of luck is in fact an inevitable component of the process of knowledge acquisition. In this paper, after criticizing some of the recent attempts at delineating the concept of epistemic luck, I set out to specify the kind of luck that should be tolerated in the process. I propose a two-stage analysis of the mechanism that underlie the passing of judgements in the Gettier-type cases, and finally try to show how this analysis helps us to explain why some of the leading anti-skeptical strategies adopt the form they do.

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