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Paper   IPM / Cognitive / 7854
School of Cognitive Sciences
  Title:   Information coding and oscillatory activity in synfire neural networks with and without inhibitory coupling
  Author(s):  F. Moradi
  Status:   Published
  Journal: BIOL CYBERN
  No.:  5
  Vol.:  91
  Year:  2004
  Pages:   283-294
  Supported by:  IPM
When a population spike (pulse-packet) propagates through a feedforward network with random excitatory connections, it either evolves to a sustained stable level of synchronous activity or fades away (Diesmann et al. in Nature 402:529-533 1999; Cateau and Fukai Neur Netw 14:675-685 2001). Here I demonstrate that in the presence of noise, the probability of the survival of the pulse-packet (or, equivalently, the firing rate of output neurons) reflects the intensity of the input. Furthermore, inhibitory coupling between layers can result in quasi- periodic alternation between several levels of firing activity. These results are obtained by analyzing the evolution of pulse-packet activity as a Markov chain. For the Markov chain analysis, the output of the chain is a linear mapping of the input into a lower-dimensional space, and the eigenvalues and eigenvectors of the transition matrix determine the dynamics of the evolution. Synchronous propagation of firing activity in successive pools of neurons are simulated in networks of integrate-and-fire and compartmental model neurons, and, consistent with the discrete Markov process, the activation of each pool is observed to be predominantly dependent upon the number of cells that fired in the previous pool. Simulation results agree with the numerical solutions of the Markov model. When inhibitory coupling between layers are included in the Markov model, some eigenvalues become complex numbers, implying oscillatory dynamics. The quasiperiodic dynamics is validated with simulation with leaky integrate-and-fire neurons. The networks demonstrate different modes of quasiperiodic activity as the inhibition or excitation parameters of the network are varied

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