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Paper   IPM / Physic / 6937
School of Physics
  Title:   Lewenstein-Sanpera Decomposition of A Generic 2x2 Density Matrix by Using Wootters's Basis
  Author(s): 
1.  S.J. Akhtarshenas
2.  M.A. Jafarizadeh
  Status:   Published
  Journal: Quantum Information & Computation
  No.:  108
  Vol.:  3
  Year:  2003
  Pages:   229-248
  Supported by:  IPM
  Abstract:
The Lewenstein-Sanpera decomposition for a generic two-qubit density matrix is obtained by using Wootters's basis. It is shown that the average concurrence of the decomposition is equal to the concurrence of the state. It is also shown that all the entanglement content of the state is concentrated in the Wootters's state |x1 > associated with the largest eigenvalue λ1 of the Hermitian matrix √{√{ρ}~ρ√{ρ}} >. It is shown that a given density matrix ρ with corresponding set of positive numbers λi and Wootters's basis can transforms under SO(4,c) into a generic 2×2 matrix with the same set of positive numbers but with new Wootters's basis, where the local unitary transformations correspond to SO(4,r) transformations, hence, ρ can be represented as coset space SO(4,c)/SO(4,r) together with positive numbers λi. By giving an explicit parameterization we characterize a generic orbit of group of local unitary transformations.

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