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Paper   IPM / M / 16462
School of Mathematics
  Title:   Design and practical decoding of full-diversity construction a lattices for block-fading channels
  Author(s):  Hassan Khodaiemehr (Joint with D. Panario and M.-R. Sadeghi)
  Status:   Published
  Journal: IEEE Transactions on Information Theory
  Vol.:  67
  Year:  2021
  Pages:   138-163
  Supported by:  IPM
  Abstract:
Block-fading channel (BF) is a useful model for various wireless communication channels in both indoor and outdoor environments. Frequency-hopping schemes and orthogonal frequency division multiplexing (OFDM) can conveniently be modelled as BF channels. Applying lattices in this type of channel entails dividing a lattice point into multiple blocks such that fading is constant within a block but changes, independently, across blocks. The design of lattices for BF channels offers a challenging problem, which differs greatly from its counterparts like AWGN channels. Recently, the original binary Construction A for lattices, due to Forney, has been generalized to a lattice construction from totally real and complex multiplication (CM) fields. This generalized algebraic Construction A of lattices provides signal space diversity, intrinsically, which is the main requirement for the signal sets designed for fading channels. In this paper, we construct full-diversity algebraic lattices for BF channels using Construction A over totally real number fields. We propose two new decoding methods for these family of lattices which have complexity that grows linearly in the dimension of the lattice. The first decoder is proposed for full-diversity algebraic LDPC lattices which are generalized Construction A lattices with a binary LDPC code as underlying code. This decoding method contains iterative and non-iterative phases. In order to implement the iterative phase of our decoding algorithm, we propose the definition of a parity-check matrix and Tanner graph for full-diversity algebraic Construction A lattices. We also prove that using an underlying LDPC code that achieves the outage probability limit over one-block-fading channel, the constructed algebraic LDPC lattices together with the proposed decoding method admit diversity order n over an n-block-fading channel. Then, we modify the proposed algorithm by removing its iterative phase which enables full-diversity practical decoding of all generalized Construction A lattices without any assumption about their underlying code. In contrast with the known results on AWGN channels in which non-binary Construction A lattices always outperform the binary ones, we provide some instances showing that algebraic Construction A lattices obtained from binary codes outperform the ones based on non-binary codes in block fading channels. Since available lattice construction methods from totally real and complex multiplication (CM) fields do not provide diversity in the binary case, we generalize algebraic Construction A lattices over a wider family of number fields namely monogenic number fields.

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