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Paper   IPM / Astronomy / 16424
School of Astronomy
  Title:   Gravitational radiation by magnetic field: application to millisecond magnetars
  Author(s): 
1.  Elham . Nazari
2.  Mahmood . Roshan
  Status:   Published
  Journal: MNRAS
  Vol.:  498
  Year:  2020
  Supported by:            ipm IPM
  Abstract:
We investigate the direct contribution of the magnetic field to the gravitational wave generation. To do so, we study the post-Newtonian energy-momentum tensor of the magnetized fluid and the post-Newtonian expansion of the gravitational potential in the wave zone. We show that the magnetic field appears even in the first post-Newtonian order of the multipole moment tensor. Then, we find an explicit relativistic correction containing the magnetic field contribution to the well-known quadrupole formula. As an application of this derivation, we find that the B-field part of the gravitational waves released in the early stages of a millisecond magnetar's life can be as much as one-hundredth of the signals due to the deformed rotating neutron stars. We show that although the event rate of this system is small, the signal would lie in the sensitivity range of the next generation of detectors.

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