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“School of Physic”

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Paper   IPM / Physic / 16235
School of Physics
  Title:   Re-entrant bimodality in spheroidal chiral swimmers in shear flow
  Author(s): 
1.  H. Nili
2.  A. Naji
  Status:   Published
  Journal: Scientific Reports
  Vol.:  8
  Year:  2018
  Pages:   8328
  Supported by:  IPM
  Abstract:
We use a continuum model to report on the behavior of a dilute suspension of chiral swimmers subject to externally imposed shear in a planar channel. Swimmer orientation in response to the imposed shear can be characterized by two distinct phases of behavior, corresponding to unimodal or bimodal distribution functions for swimmer orientation along the channel. These phases indicate the occurrence (or not) of a population splitting phenomenon changing the swimming direction of a macroscopic fraction of active particles to the exact opposite of that dictated by the imposed flow. We present a detailed quantitative analysis elucidating the complexities added to the population splitting behavior of swimmers when they are chiral. In particular, the transition from unimodal to bimodal and vice versa are shown to display a re-entrant behavior across the parameter space spanned by varying the chiral angular speed. We also present the notable effects of particle aspect ratio and self-propulsion speed on system phase behavior and discuss potential implications of our results in applications such as swimmer separation/sorting.

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