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Paper   IPM / Cognitive / 15647
School of Cognitive Sciences
  Title:   Neural Activity Predicts Reaction in Primates Long Before a Behavioral Response
1.  M. Parto Dezfouli
2.  M. Khamechian
3.  S. Treue
4.  M. Esghaei
5.  M. Daliri
  Status:   Published
  Journal: Frontiers in Behavioral Neuroscience
  Vol.:  12
  Year:  2018
  Pages:   1-11
  Supported by:  IPM
How neural activity is linked to behavior is a critical question in neural engineering and cognitive neurosciences. It is crucial to predict behavior as early as possible, to plan a machine response in real-time brain computer interactions. However, previous studies have studied the neural readout of behavior only within a short time before the action is performed. This leaves unclear, if the neural activity long before a decision could predict the upcoming behavior. By recording extracellular neural activities from the visual cortex of behaving rhesus monkeys, we show that: (1) both, local field potentials (LFPs) and the rate of neural spikes long before (>2 s) a monkey responds to a change, foretell its behavioral performance in a spatially selective manner; (2) LFPs, the more accessible component of extracellular activity, are a stronger predictor of behavior; and (3) LFP amplitude is positively correlated while spiking activity is negatively correlated with behavioral reaction time (RT). These results suggest that field potentials could be used to predict behavior way before it is performed, an observation that could potentially be useful for brain computer interface applications, and that they contribute to the sensory neural circuit's speed in information processing.

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