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IPM
30
YEARS OLD

“School of Astronomy”

Paper   IPM / Astronomy / 15614
   School of Astronomy
  Title: From evolved stars to the evolution of IC1613
  Author(s):
1 . Seyed Azim . Hashemi
2 . Atefeh. Javadi
3 . Jacco Th. van Loon
  Status: Published
  Journal: MNRAS
  Vol.: 483
  Year: 2018
  Supported by:           ipm IPM
  Abstract:
IC 1613 is a Local Group dwarf irregular galaxy at a distance of 750 kpc. In this work, we present an analysis of the star formation history (SFH) of a field of �?200 arcmin2 in the central part of the galaxy. To this aim, we use a novel method based on the resolved population of more highly evolved stars. We identify 53 such stars, eight of which are supergiants and the remainder are long-period variables, large-amplitude variables, or extreme asymptotic giant branch (x-AGB) stars. Using stellar evolution models, we find the age and birth mass of these stars and thus reconstruct the SFH. The average rate of star formation during the last Gyr is �?3 �? 10-4 M�?? yr-1 kpc-2. The absence of a dominant epoch of star formation over the past 5 Gyr suggests that IC 1613 has evolved in isolation for that long, spared harassment by other Local Group galaxies (in particular M 31 and the Milky Way). We confirm the radial age gradient, with star formation currently concentrated in the central regions of IC 1613, and the failure of recent star formation to have created the main H I supershell. Based on the current rate of star formation at (5.5 ± 2) �? 10-3 M�?? yr-1, the interstellar gas mass of the galaxy of 9 �? 107 M�??, and the gas production rate from AGB stars at �?6 �? 10-4 M�?? yr-1, we conclude that the star formation activity of IC 1613 can continue for �?18 Gyr in a closed-box model, but is likely to cease much earlier than that unless gas can be accreted from outside.

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