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Paper   IPM / Physic / 15063
School of Physics
  Title:   Multiscaling behavior of atomic-scale friction.
  Author(s): 
1.  M. Jannesar
2.  T. Jamali
3.  A. Sadeghi
4.  S.M.S. Movahed
5.  G. Fesler
6.  E. Meyer
7.  G. Khoshnevisan
8.  G.R. Jafari
  Status:   Published
  Journal: Phys. Rev. E
  No.:  6
  Vol.:  95
  Year:  2017
  Pages:   062802
  Supported by:  IPM
  Abstract:
The scaling behavior of friction between rough surfaces is a well-known phenomenon. It might be asked whether such a scaling feature also exists for friction at an atomic scale despite the absence of roughness on atomically flat surfaces. Indeed, other types of fluctuations, e.g., thermal and instrumental fluctuations, become appreciable at this length scale and can lead to scaling behavior of the measured atomic-scale friction. We investigate this using the lateral force exerted on the tip of an atomic force microscope (AFM) when the tip is dragged over the clean NaCl (001) surface in ultra-high vacuum at room temperature. Here the focus is on the fluctuations of the lateral force profile rather than its saw-tooth trend; we first eliminate the trend using the singular value decomposition technique and then explore the scaling behavior of the detrended data, which contains only fluctuations, using the multifractal detrended fluctuation analysis. The results demonstrate a scaling behavior for the friction data ranging from 0.2 to 2 nm with the Hurst exponent H=0.61±0.02 at a 1σ confidence interval. Moreover, the dependence of the generalized Hurst exponent, h(q), on the index variable q confirms the multifractal or multiscaling behavior of the nanofriction data. These results prove that fluctuation of nanofriction empirical data has a multifractal behavior which deviates from white noise.

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