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Paper   IPM / Particles / 14377
School of Particles and Accelerator
  Title:   Three-dimensional simulation of thermal harmonic lasing free electron laser with detuning of the fundamental
  Author(s): 
1.  Elham Salehi
2.  Behrouz Maraghechi
3.  Najmeh Sadat Mirian
  Status:   Published
  Journal: Phys. Plasmas
  No.:  033116
  Vol.:  23
  Year:  2016
  Supported by:  IPM
  Abstract:
Detuning of the fundamental is a way to enhance harmonic generation. By this method, the wiggler is composed of two segments in such a way that the fundamental resonance of the second segment to coincide with the third harmonic of the first segment of the wiggler to generate extreme ultraviolet radiation and x-ray emission. A set of coupled, nonlinear, and first-order differential equations in three dimensions describing the evolution of the electron trajectories and the radiation field with warm beam is solved numerically by CYRUS 3D code in the steady-state for two models (1) seeded free electron laser(FEL) and (2) shot noise on the electron beam (self-amplified spontaneous emission FEL).Thermal effects in the form of longitudinal velocity spread are considered. Three-dimensional simulation describes self-consistently the longitudinal spatial dependence of radiation waists, curvatures, and amplitudes together with the evaluation of the electron beam. The evolutions of the transverse modes are investigated for the fundamental resonance and the third harmonic. Also, the effective modes of the third harmonic are studied. In this paper, we found that detuning of the fundamental with shot noise gives more optimistic result than the seeded FEL

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