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Paper   IPM / Astronomy / 14165
School of Astronomy
  Title:   WOBBLING AND PRECESSING JETS FROM WARPED DISKS IN BINARY SYSTEMS
  Author(s): 
1.  Somayeh Sheikhnezami
2.  Christian Fendt
  Status:   Published
  Journal: Astrophysical Journal
  Vol.:  814
  Year:  2015
  Pages:   20
  Supported by:  IPM
  Abstract:
We present results of the first ever three-dimensional (3D) magnetohydrodynamic (MHD) simulations of the accretion�??ejection structure. We investigate the 3D evolution of jets launched symmetrically from single stars but also jets from warped disks in binary systems. We have applied various model setups and tested them by simulating a stable and bipolar symmetric 3D structure from a single star�??disk�??jet system. Our reference simulation maintains a good axial symmetry and also a bipolar symmetry for more than 500 rotations of the inner disk, confirming the quality of our model setup. We have then implemented a 3D gravitational potential (Roche potential) due by a companion star and run a variety of simulations with different binary separations and mass ratios. These simulations show typical 3D deviations from axial symmetry, such as jet bending outside the Roche lobe or spiral arms forming in the accretion disk. In order to find indications of precession effects, we have also run an exemplary parameter setup, essentially governed by a small binary separation of only ;200 inner disk radii. This simulation shows a strong indication that we observe the onset of a jet precession caused by the wobbling of the jet-launching disk. We estimate the opening angle of the precession cone defined by the lateral motion of the jet axis to be about 4° after about 5000 dynamical time steps.


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