“School of Biological”
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Paper IPM / Biological / 14126  


Abstract:  
Statistics, as one of the applied sciences, has great impacts in vast area of other sciences. Prediction of protein structures with great emphasize on their geometrical features using dihedral angles has invoked the new branch of statistics, known as directional statistics. One of the available biological techniques to predict is molecular dynamics simulations producing highdimensional molecular structure data. Hence, it is expected that the principal component analysis (PCA) can response some related statistical problems particulary to reduce dimensions of the involved variables. Since the dihedral angles are variables on nonEuclidean space (their locus is the torus), it is expected that direct implementation of PCA does not provide great information in this case. The principal geodesic analysis is one of the recent methods to reduce the dimensions in the nonEuclidean case. A procedure to utilize this technique for reducing the dimension of a set of dihedral angles is highlighted in this paper. We further propose an extension of this tool, implemented in such way the torus is approximated by the product of two unit circle and evaluate its application in studying a real data set. A comparison of this technique with some previous methods is also undertaken.
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