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“School of Biological”

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Paper   IPM / Biological / 13863
School of Biological Sciences
  Title:   Robust Modeling of Differential Gene Expression Data Using Normal/Independent Distributions: A Baysian Approach
  Author(s): 
1.  M. Ganjali.
2.  T. Baghfalaki.
3.  D. Berridge.
  Status:   Published
  Journal: Plos One
  No.:  4
  Vol.:  10
  Year:  2015
  Pages:   e0123791
  Supported by:  IPM
  Abstract:
In this paper, the problem of identifying differentially expressed genes under different conditions using gene expression microarray data, in the presence of outliers, is discussed. For this purpose, the robust modeling of gene expression data using some powerful distributions known as normal/independent distributions is considered. These distributions include the Student’s t and normal distributions which have been used previously, but also include extensions such as the slash, the contaminated normal and the Laplace distributions. The purpose of this paper is to identify differentially expressed genes by considering these distributional assumptions instead of the normal distribution. A Bayesian approach using the Markov Chain Monte Carlo method is adopted for parameter estimation. Two publicly available gene expression data sets are analyzed using the proposed approach. The use of the robust models for detecting differentially expressed genes is investigated. This investigation shows that the choice of model for differentiating gene expression data is very important. This is due to the small number of replicates for each gene and the existence of outlying data. Comparison of the performance of these models is made using different statistical criteria and the ROC curve. The method is illustrated using some simulation studies. We demonstrate the flexibility of these robust models in identifying differentially expressed genes.

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