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Paper   IPM / Nano-Sciences / 13749
School of Nano Science
  Title:   Study of base pair mutations in proline-rich homeodomain (PRH)-DNA complexes using molecular dynamics
  Author(s): 
1 . Seifollah Jalili
2 . Leila Karami
3 . Jeremy Schofield
  Status:   Published
  Journal: Eur. Biophys J.
  No.:  6
  Vol.:  42
  Year:  2013
  Pages:   427 - 440
  Publisher(s):   European Biophysical Societies
  Supported by:  IPM
  Abstract:
Proline-rich homeodomain (PRH) is a regulatory protein controlling transcription and gene expression processes by binding to the specific sequence of DNA, especially to the sequence 5'-TAATNN-3'. The impact of base pair mutations on the binding between the PRH protein and DNA is investigated using molecular dynamics and free energy simulations to identify DNA sequences that form stable complexes with PRH. Three 20-ns molecular dynamics simulations (PRH-TAATTG, PRH-TAATTA and PRH-TAATGG complexes) in explicit solvent water were performed to investigate three complexes structurally. Structural analysis shows that the native TAATTG sequence forms a complex that is more stable than complexes with base pair mutations. It is also observed that upon mutation, the number and occupancy of the direct and water-mediated hydrogen bonds decrease. Free energy calculations performed with the thermodynamic integration method predict relative binding free energies of 0.64 and 2 kcal/mol for GC to AT and TA to GC mutations, respectively, suggesting that among the three DNA sequences, the PRH-TAATTG complex is more stable than the two mutated complexes. In addition, it is demonstrated that the stability of the PRH-TAATTA complex is greater than that of the PRH-TAATGG complex.

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