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Paper   IPM / Nano-Sciences / 11704
School of Nano Science
  Title:   Numerical solution of the nonlinear Schrodinger equation by feedforward neural networks
1.  Yazdan Shirvani
2.  Mohsen Hayati
3.  Rostam Moradian
  Status:   Published
  Journal: Commun. Nonlinear Sci. Numer. Simul.
  No.:  10
  Vol.:  13
  Year:  2008
  Pages:   14
  Publisher(s):   Elsevier B.V.
  Supported by:  IPM
We present a method to solve boundary value problems using artificial neural networks (ANN). A trial solution of the differential equation is written as a feed-forward neural network containing adjustable parameters (the weights and biases). From the differential equation and its boundary conditions we prepare the energy function which is used in the back-propagation method with momentum term to update the network parameters. We improved energy function of ANN which is derived from Schrodinger equation and the boundary conditions. With this improvement of energy function we can use unsupervised training method in the ANN for solving the equation. Unsupervised training aims to minimize a non-negative energy function. We used the ANN method to solve Schrodinger equation for few quantum systems. Eigenfunctions and energy eigenvalues are calculated. Our numerical results are in agreement with their corresponding analytical solution and show the efficiency of ANN method for solving eigenvalue problems.

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