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Paper   IPM / Physic / 11183
School of Physics
  Title:   Surface Polaron Formation in the Holstein model
  Author(s): 
1.  R. Nourafkan
2.  M. Capone
3.  N. Nafari
  Status:   Published
  Journal: Phys. Rev. B
  Vol.:  80
  Year:  2009
  Pages:   155130
  Supported by:  IPM
  Abstract:
The effect of a solid-vacuum interface on the properties of a strongly coupled electron-phonon system is analyzed using dynamical mean-field theory to solve the Holstein model in a semi-infinite cubic lattice. Polaron formation is found to occur more easily (i.e., for a weaker electron-phonon coupling) on the surface than in the bulk. On the other hand, the metal-insulator transition associated to the binding of polarons takes place at a unique critical strength in the bulk and at the surface.

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