IPM Calendar 
Tuesday 17 May 2022   Today  
Events for day: Monday 16 May 2022    
           11:00 - 12:00     Journal Club: Experiment & Phenomenology - google meet
Pico-current Measurement Challenges and Remedies: A Review

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A Pico-ammeter has versatile applications in the measurement of low current of a nuclear detector, biological cell, or tissues and to know the character of new electronic devices. But noise can be generated due to some internal and external sources such as poor design, placement of ammeter, dust, humidity, bending of connecting wires, and even the selection of electronic devices, thus the measurement goes tricky. Several design techniques, guarding, shielding, and an unconventional wiring technique can help measure low current accurately by reducing noise. This paper describes these low current measurement problems in detail and their corresp ...