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“School of Cognitive Sciences”

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Paper   IPM / Cognitive Sciences / 9579
School of Cognitive Sciences
  Title:   Better Visual Short-term-memory Retrieval for Opposite-gender Names
  Author(s): 
1.  Shima Borji
2.  Ali Borji
  Status:   In Proceedings
  Proceeding: ECVP, PERCEPTION
  Year:  2007
  Supported by:  IPM
  Abstract:
It has been proposed that the salience of visual cues modulates the capacity limit of visual working memory (Fougnie et al, 2006 Psychological Science 17 526 - 534). Our aim here was to examine the hypothesis that gender could affect the retrieval of visual working memory for human names. On each trail, a sample array consisting of 6 or 8 names was presented for 500 ms (half from each gender). This was followed by a 900 ms blank interval and then 2000 ms presentation of test array consisting of two names. Observers were asked to select the name presented in the sample array. To choose names, in a control task we selected names for which subjects have same performance over names form the same gender. Six subjects participated in our task (three males and three females). All subjects showed significantly higher performance for recalling names from opposite gender compared with names from the same gender. Current study shows that gender is important when remembering names in a visual-working-memory task.

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