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IPM
30
YEARS OLD

“School of Astronomy”

Paper   IPM / Astronomy / 9548
   School of Astronomy
  Title: Vacuum energy and the spacetime index of refraction: A new synthesis
  Author(s): M. Nouri-Zonoz
  Status: Preprint
  Journal:
  Year: 2009
  Supported by: IPM
  Abstract:
In 1+3 (threading) formulation of general relativity spacetime behaves analogous to a medium with a specific index of refraction with respect to the light propagation. Accepting the reality of zero point energy, through the equivalence principle, we elevate this analogy to the case of virtual photon propagation in a quantum vacuum in a curved background spacetime. Employing this new idea one could examine the response of vacuum energy to the presence of a stationary gravitational field in its different quantum field theoretic manifestations such as Casimir effect and Lamb shift. The results are given explicitly for a Casimir apparatus in the weak field limit of a Kerr hole.


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