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“School of Cognitive Sciences”

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Paper   IPM / Cognitive Sciences / 8810
School of Cognitive Sciences
  Title:   Effect of Number of Coupled Structures on the Segmentation of Brain Structures
  Author(s): 
1 . Alireza Akhondi-Asl
2 . Hamid Soltanian-Zadeh
  Status:   Published
  Journal: VLSI Signal Processing Systems
  Vol.:  54
  Year:  2009
  Pages:   215?230
  Supported by:  IPM
  Abstract:
This paper reports the effect of the coupling information on the performance of model-based segmentation of the brain structures from magnetic resonance images (MRI). We have developed a three-dimensional, nonparametric, entropy-based, and multi-shape method that benefits from coupling of the shapes. The proposed method uses principal component analysis (PCA) to develop shape models that capture structural variability and integrates geometrical relationship among different structures into the algorithm by coupling them (limiting their independent deformations). At the same time, to allow variations of the coupled structures, it registers each structure individually when building the shape models. It defines an entropybased energy function which is minimized using quasi-Newton algorithm. Probability density functions (pdf) are estimated iteratively using nonparametric Parzen window method. In the optimization algorithm, analytical derivatives are used for maximum speed and accuracy. Sample results are given for the segmentation of caudate, thalamus, putamen, pallidum, hippocampus, and amygdala illustrating superior performance of the proposed method compared to the most similar method in the literature. The similarity of the results obtained by the proposed method with the expert segmentation is 4

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