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“School of Cognitive Sciences”

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Paper   IPM / Cognitive Sciences / 8458
School of Cognitive Sciences
  Title:   Assessing the long-term role of L-type voltage dependent calcium channel blocker verapamil on short-term presynaptic plasticity at dentate gyrus of hippocampus
  Author(s): 
1.  R. Lashgari
2.  F. Motamedi
3.  S.M. Noorbakhsh
4.  S. Zahedi-Asl
5.  A. Komaki
6.  S. Shahidi
7.  A. Haghparast
  Status:   Published
  Journal: Neuroscience Letters
  Vol.:  415
  Year:  2007
  Pages:   174-8
  Supported by:  IPM
  Abstract:
High-voltage-activated Ca(2+) channels on presynaptic nerve terminals are known to play an important role in neurotransmitter release at both excitatory and inhibitory synapses. Whereas there is currently debate over the contribution of L-type voltage dependent Ca(2+) channels (L-type VDCCs) on the short-term presynaptic plasticity which is a defining feature of neuronal activity, the underlying mechanisms are poorly understood. In the present study, the L-type VDCCs chronically was inhibited with different doses of verapamil (10, 20 and 50 mg/kg; orally) to evaluate hippocampal dentate gyrus (DG) inhibitory interneuron function and its involvement on short-term plasticity using paired pulse stimulation in perforant path-DG of hippocampus. Our data show that chronic oral treatment of verapamil at dose of 50 mg/kg but not at lower doses, facilitated the excitability of DG cells at inter-stimulus intervals 20, 30 and 50 ms (P<0.03, 0.01 and 0.001; respectively) in population spike amplitude ratio, which is indicative of paired pulse potentiation in perforant path-DG synapses. While there are no significant differences in field excitatory postsynaptic potential slope ratio at all doses. We suggest that DG neurons facilitation is caused by inhibition of inhibitory interneurons directly and/or indirectly via inhibition of glutamate release in hippocampal DG. Therefore, these experiments indicate that chronic use of verapamil has effect on short-term presynaptic plasticity.

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