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“School of Cognitive Sciences”

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Paper   IPM / Cognitive Sciences / 7996
School of Cognitive Sciences
  Title:   Visual Spatial Integrity in the Absence of Splenium
  Author(s): 
1.  B. Noudoost
2.  S.R. Afraz
3.  M. Vaziri Pashkam
4.  H. Esteky
  Status:   Published
  Journal: Brain Research
  No.:  1
  Vol.:  1076
  Year:  2006
  Pages:   177-186
  Supported by:  IPM
  Abstract:
Several lines of evidence have confirmed that visual integrity among the two hemifields is severely impaired following transection of posterior part of the corpus callosum (splenium). But the extent of this impairment differs for various visual functions. Here, in a posterior callosectomized patient (MD), interhemispheric visual spatial integrity is investigated in three experiments. In the first experiment MD was asked to make decision about horizontal alignment of two balls presented simultaneously in one of three conditions: both in right or left hemifield, or each in one hemifield. We have previously shown that she is not able to perform a shape-matching task for stimuli presented to different hemifields. But in this task, MD was able to compare location of the two bilaterally presented stimuli significantly above chance level. Then we investigated whether attentive visual object tracking across vertical meridian of the visual field is possible in the absence of splenium. MD had to attentively track one bouncing ball among three identical balls while it crossed the vertical midline in half of trials. Her performance in crossed conditions was significantly above chance level but it was lower than uncrossed conditions. Finally, we investigated the contribution of simple interhemispheric temporal signals in performing the attentive tracking task. Results suggest that the patient was not using such temporal signals. Our results suggest that interhemispheric connections other than splenium can contribute in making an integral visual map across hemifields. Such an integrated map can be used for bilateral visual spatial comparisons and visual spatial attention.


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