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“School of Cognitive Sciences”

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Paper   IPM / Cognitive Sciences / 7856
School of Cognitive Sciences
  Title:   Morphine state-dependent learning: sensitization and interactions with dopamine receptors
  Author(s): 
1.  M.R. Zarrindast
2.  A. Rezayof
  Status:   Published
  Journal: EUR J PHARMACOL
  No.:  497
  Year:  2004
  Pages:   197-204
  Supported by:  IPM
  Abstract:
In the present study, the effects of morphine sensitization on impairment of memory formation and the state-dependent learning by morphine have been investigated in mice. Pretraining administration of morphine (0.5, 2.5 and 5 mg/kg) dose dependently decreased the learning of a one-trial passive avoidance task. Pretest administration of morphine (0.5, 2.5 and 5 mg/kg) induced state-dependent retrieval of the memory acquired under pretraining morphine influence. Pretraining or pretest administration of naloxone (0.25, 0.5 and 1 mg/kg) reversed both responses to morphine (5 mg/kg). Amnesia induced by pretraining morphine was significantly reversed in morphine-sensitized mice which had previously received once daily injections of morphine [20 and 30 mg/kg, subcutaneously (s.c.)] for 3 days. Morphine sensitization tended to reverse but did not significantly affect morphine state-dependent memory. The inhibition of morphine-induced amnesia in morphine-sensitized mice was decreased by once daily administration of naloxone (0.5, 1 and 2 mg/kg) 30 min prior to injection of morphine (20 mg/kg/day_3 days). Three-days administration of 1-phenyl-7,8-dihydroxy-2,3,4,5-tetrahydro-1H-3-benzazepine HCL (SKF 38393; 8, 16 and 32 mg/kg) or SCH 23390; R(+)-7-chloro-8-hydroxy-3-methyl-1-phenyl-2,3,4,5-tetrahydro-1H-3-benzazepine HCL (0.01, 0.05 and 0.1 mg/kg) before morphine (for 3 days) and during morphine-sensitization, decreased and increased, the amnesia induced by pretraining morphine, respectively. Similar administration of quinpirole (0.5, 1 and 2 mg/kg) or sulpiride (25, 50 and 100 mg/kg) before morphine also decreased and increased the amnesia induced by pretraining morphine, respectively. The results suggest that morphine sensitization affects the impairment of memory formation, but not the facilitation of retrieval induced by morphine and thus it is postulated that dopamine receptors may play an important role in this effect.

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