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Paper IPM / P / 6930  


Abstract:  
The free energy of the homogeneous electron fluid at finite temperature is obtained using the lowest order constrained variational (LOCV) method. In order to test the convergence of cluster expansion series the threebody cluster terms are calculated with the LOCV correlation functions. The results agree reasonably with those of Monte Carlo, coupledcluster, perturbational expansion etc, techniques at zero temperature. The flashing and critical temperatures as well as the critical exponent are found to be about 0.6, 1.3 eV and 0.384 respectively. A similar liquidgas phase transition to that of nuclear matter and liquid He^{3} is observed.
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