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Paper   IPM / Astronomy / 16664
School of Astronomy
  Title:   Vector dark matter production from inflation with symmetry breaking
  Author(s): 
1.  Borna . Salehian
2.  Mohammad Ali . Gorji
3.  Hassan . Firouzjahi
4.  Shinji . Mukohyama
  Status:   Published
  Journal: Phys. Rev. D
  Vol.:  103
  Year:  2021
  Supported by:            ipm IPM
  Abstract:
We present a scenario of vector dark matter production from symmetry breaking at the end of inflation. In this model, the accumulated energy density associated with the quantum fluctuations of the dark photon accounts for the present energy density of dark matter. The inflaton is a real scalar field while a heavy complex scalar field, such as the waterfall of hybrid inflation, is charged under the dark gauge field. After the heavy field becomes tachyonic at the end of inflation, rolling rapidly towards its global minimum, the dark photon acquires mass via the Higgs mechanism. To prevent the decay of the vector field energy density during inflation, we introduce couplings between the inflaton and the gauge field such that the energy is pumped to the dark sector. The setup can generate the observed dark matter abundance for a wide range of the dark photon's mass and with the reheat temperature around 1012 GeV. The model predicts the formation of cosmic strings at the end of inflation with the tensions which are consistent with the CMB upper bounds

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