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IPM
30
YEARS OLD

“School of Cognitive Sciences”

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Paper   IPM / Cognitive Sciences / 15903
School of Cognitive Sciences
  Title:   Cross recurrence quantifiers as new connectivity measures for structure learning of Bayesian networks in brain decoding
  Author(s): 
1.  E. Yargholi
2.  G. Hoddein-zadeh
  Status:   Published
  Journal: Chaos, Solitons & Fractals
  Vol.:  123
  Year:  2019
  Pages:   263-274
  Supported by:  IPM
  Abstract:
Bayesian networks were efficiently applied for brain decoding along with connectivity information used in structure learning of Bayesian networks. The modified structure learning proposed expands the application of Bayesian networks in brain-decoding.
There are various structure learning methods which usually require large training samples. As the simplest method, tree structure learning commonly uses measures like correlation or mutual information to quantify dependencies in a network. Correlation captures the linear relations and mutual information detects linear and nonlinear dependencies while it needs more data to estimate the distribution of the variables. In current study, these measures were substituted with cross recurrence quantifiers which efficiently describes nonlinear behaviors of biological systems and effectively detect linear and nonlinear interactions without requiring long length of data. As novel applications, we used cross recurrence quantifiers for structure learning of Bayesian networks and functional connectivity analysis of fMRI data.
To compare the performance of cross recurrence quantifiers with conventional indices in learning the structure of Bayesian networks, we used them in retrieving known structures. Moreover, the new method was applied for extracting fMRI brain connections in Bayesian networks devised for decoding-reconstruction of hand written digits. Objective and subjective assessment of results showed that Bayesian networks which used correlation or mutual information yielded significantly inferior accuracy in comparison to Bayesian networks which employed cross recurrence quantifiers.
Therefore, cross recurrence quantifiers could be efficient measures in structure learning of Bayesian networks or functional connectivity analysis of fMRI data.

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