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IPM
30
YEARS OLD

“School of Astronomy”

Paper   IPM / Astronomy / 15665
   School of Astronomy
  Title: Site selection for the 3.4m optical telescope of the Iranian National Observatory
  Author(s):
1 . Sadollah . Nasiria
2 . Ahmad . Darudi
3 . Habib . G. Khosroshahi
4 . Marc . Sarazin
  Status: Published
  Journal: MNRAS
  Vol.: 486
  Year: 2019
  Pages: 4226-4232
  Supported by:           ipm IPM
  Abstract:
The Results of the site selection campaign conducted for the proposed 3.4m optical telescope of the Iranian National Observatory are reported. During the first 3 years, among 33 nominated regions throughout the country, the potential regions were confined to four provinces, namely, Southern Khorasan located in the East, Kerman in the South East and Qom and Esfahan in the central part by examining the long-term meteorological and geographical parameters. Over the following 3 years, after astro-climate considerations and short-term atmospheric seeing measurements using differential image motion monitor (DIMM) technique were carried out, four candidate sites were selected among these regions. Simultaneous seeing measurements were carried out on the four candidate sites and finally, the Dinava located at the common border of the Esfahan and Qom provinces and Gargash in Kashan region were selected as the most promising sites. Continuous seeing measurements during 23 months yielded a median value of about 1.0" for both sites. The latitude and longitude of the Dinava are 50, 54 E and 34, 09 N, respectively and is situated at an altitude of about 3000 m and about 57 Km direct from Qom towards the south. The latitude and longitude of the Gargash are 51, 19 E and 33, 40 N, respectively and is situated at an altitude of about 3600 m and about 37km direct from Kashan towards the south. With two sites in hand, further comparative measurements of seeing and weather data continued at the two sites, which resulted in the selection of the Gargash site for the construction of the Iranian National Observatory.

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