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Paper   IPM / Physic / 14936
School of Physics
  Title:   The Relationship between Intelligence and Spectral Biophoton Emission: Correlation doesn't Imply Causation
  Author(s): 
1.  V. Salari
2.  I. Bokkon
3.  R. Ghobadi
4.  F. Scholkmann
5.  J. Tuszynski
  Status:   Published
  Journal: PNAS
  Vol.:  113(38)
  Year:  2016
  Pages:   E5540-E5541
  Supported by:  IPM
  Abstract:
Human beings hold higher intelligence than other animals on Earth; however, it is still unclear which brain properties might explain the underlying mechanisms. The brain is a major energy-consuming organ compared with other organs. Neural signal communications and information processing in neural circuits play an important role in the realization of various neural functions, whereas improvement in cognitive function is driven by the need for more effective communication that requires less energy. Combining the ultraweak biophoton imaging system (UBIS) with the biophoton spectral analysis device (BSAD), we found that glutamate-induced biophotonic activities and transmission in the brain, which has recently been demonstrated as a novel neural signal communication mechanism, present a spectral redshift from animals (in order of bullfrog, mouse, chicken, pig, and monkey) to humans, even up to a near-infrared wavelength (�?�865 nm) in the human brain. This brain property may be a key biophysical basis for explaining high intelligence in humans because biophoton spectral redshift could be a more economical and effective measure of biophotonic signal communications and information processing in the human brain.

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