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IPM
30
YEARS OLD

“School of Cognitive Sciences”

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Paper   IPM / Cognitive Sciences / 14733
School of Cognitive Sciences
  Title:   Activation of the dorsal hippocampal nicotinic acetylcholine receptors improves tamoxifen-induced memory retrieval impairment in adult female rats
  Author(s): 
1.  A. Tajik
2.  A. Rezayof
3.  Z. Ghasemzadeh
4.  M. Sardari
  Status:   Published
  Journal: Neuroscience
  Vol.:  327
  Year:  2016
  Pages:   1-7
  Supported by:  IPM
  Abstract:
Tamoxifen (TAM), a selective estrogen receptor modulator, has frequently been used in the treatment of breast cancer. In view of the fact that cognitive deficits in women who receive adjuvant chemotherapy for breast cancer is a common health problem, using female animal models for investigating the cognitive effects of TAM administration may improve our knowledge of TAM therapy. Therefore, the present study assessed the role of dorsal hippocampal cholinergic nicotinic receptors (nAChRs) in the effect of TAM administration on memory retrieval in ovariectomized (OVX) and non-OVX female rats using a passive avoidance learning task. Our results showed that pre-test administration of TAM (2–6 mg/kg) impaired memory retrieval. Pre-test intra-CA1 microinjection of nicotine (0.3–0.5 μg/rat) reversed TAM-induced memory impairment. Pre-test intra-CA1 microinjection of mecamylamine (0.1–0.3 μg/rat) plus 2 mg/kg (an ineffective dose) of TAM impaired memory retrieval. Pre-test intra-CA1 microinjection of the same doses of nicotine and mecamylamine by themselves had no effect on memory retrieval. In OVX rats, the administration of TAM (6 mg/kg) produced memory impairment but pre-test intra-CA1 microinjection of nicotine (0.5 μg/rat) had no effect on TAM response. Moreover, the administration of an ineffective dose of TAM (2 mg/kg) had no effect on memory retrieval in OVX rats, while pre-test intra-CA1 microinjection of mecamylamine (0.3 μg/rat) impaired memory retrieval. Taken together, it can be concluded that the impairing effect of TAM on memory formation may be modulated by nAChRs of the CA1 regions. It seems that memory impairment may be considered as an important side effect of TAM.

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