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IPM
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“School of Cognitive Sciences”

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Paper   IPM / Cognitive Sciences / 14220
School of Cognitive Sciences
  Title:   Interpolation of orientation distribution functions in diffusion weighted imaging using multi-tensor model
  Author(s): 
1.  M. Afzali
2.  E. Fatemizadeh
3.  H. Soltanian-Zadeh
  Status:   Published
  Journal: Journal of Neuroscience Methods
  Vol.:  253
  Year:  2015
  Pages:   28-37
  Supported by:  IPM
  Abstract:
Background
Diffusion weighted imaging (DWI) is a non-invasive method for investigating the brain white matter structure and can be used to evaluate fiber bundles. However, due to practical constraints, DWI data acquired in clinics are low resolution.
New method
This paper proposes a method for interpolation of orientation distribution functions (ODFs). To this end, fuzzy clustering is applied to segment ODFs based on the principal diffusion directions (PDDs). Next, a cluster is modeled by a tensor so that an ODF is represented by a mixture of tensors. For interpolation, each tensor is rotated separately.
Results
The method is applied on the synthetic and real DWI data of control and epileptic subjects. Both experiments illustrate capability of the method in increasing spatial resolution of the data in the ODF field properly. The real dataset show that the method is capable of reliable identification of differences between temporal lobe epilepsy (TLE) patients and normal subjects.
Comparison with existing methods
The method is compared to existing methods. Comparison studies show that the proposed method generates smaller angular errors relative to the existing methods. Another advantage of the method is that it does not require an iterative algorithm to find the tensors.
Conclusions
The proposed method is appropriate for increasing resolution in the ODF field and can be applied to clinical data to improve evaluation of white matter fibers in the brain.

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