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Paper   IPM / Biological / 13306
School of Biological Sciences
  Title:   First report of a bifunctional chitinase/lysozyme produced by Bacillus pumilus SG2
  Author(s): 
1.  S. Ghasemi.
2.  G. Ahmadian.
3.  M. Sadeghi.
4.  D. R. Zeigler.
5.  H. Rahimian.
6.  S. Ghandili.
7.  N. Naghibzadeh.
8.  A. Dehestani .
  Status:   Published
  Journal: Enzyme and microbial technology
  No.:  3
  Vol.:  48
  Year:  2010
  Pages:   225-231
  Supported by:  IPM
  Abstract:
Bacillus pumilus SG2 isolated from high salinity ecosystem in Iran produces two chitinases (ChiS and ChiL) and secretes them into the medium. In this study, chiS and chiL genes were cloned in pQE-30 expression vector and were expressed in the cytoplasm of Escherichia coli strain M15. The recombinant proteins were purified using Ni-NTA column. The optimum pH and optimum temperature for enzyme activity of ChiS were pH 6, 50 °C; those of ChiL were pH 6.5, 40 °C. The purified chitinases showed antifungal activity against Fusarium graminearum, Rhizoctonia solani, Magnaporthe grisea, Sclerotinia sclerotiorum, Trichoderma reesei, Botrytis cinerea and Bipolaris sp. Moreover, purified ChiS was identified as chitinase/lysozyme, which are capable of degrading the chitin component of fungal cell walls and the peptidoglycan component of cell walls with many kinds of bacteria (Xanthomonas translucens pv. hordei, Xanthomonas axonopodis pv. citri, Bacillus licheniformis, E. coli C600, E. coli TOP10, Pseudomonas aeruginosa and Pseudomonas putida). Strong homology was found between the three-dimensional structures of ChiS and a chitinase/lysozyme from Bacillus circulans WL-12. This is the first report of a bifunctional chitinase/lysozyme from B. pumilus.

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