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“School of Cognitive Sciences”

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Paper   IPM / Cognitive Sciences / 12808
School of Cognitive Sciences
  Title:   Adaptive prediction of epileptic seizures from intracranial recordings
  Author(s): 
1.  Hossein Soleimani
2.  Caro Lucas
3.  Babak Araabi
4.  Lars Schwabe
  Status:   Published
  Journal: Biomedical Signal Processing and Control
  Vol.:  7
  Year:  2012
  Pages:   456-464
  Supported by:  IPM
  Abstract:
Previous work has demonstrated that some dynamic properties of intracranial EEG signals are indicative of epileptic seizures and hence could be used for prediction in order to realize counter measures. However, most previous studies only investigated predictability via offline analysis of EEG signals as compared to actually predicting seizures in a setting applicable to implantable devices. Here we address this problem, which calls for simple and fast online methods, and based on previous offline analyses we hypothesize that prediction can be further improved when using multiple features to detect the preictal patterns. We propose a simple adaptive online method (an evolving neuro-fuzzy model) to adaptively learn such combined features. The classifier starts out with a simple structure and patient-independent parameters and then grows into a personal seizure predictor as recursive methods tune the model structure and parameters. We apply the adaptive classifier to a publicly available database of intracranial recordings from 21 patients and demonstrate that seizure prediction is improved with our online method as compared to offline non-adaptive techniques. We show that our method is robust with respect to those few model parameters, which are not adapted. Moreover, as we report the performance on data from a publicly available seizure database, our results can serve as a yardstick for future method developments.

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