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IPM
30
YEARS OLD

“School of Cognitive Sciences”

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Paper   IPM / Cognitive Sciences / 12576
School of Cognitive Sciences
  Title:   A stable biologically motivated learning mechanism for visual feature extraction to handle facial categorization
  Author(s): 
1.  Karim Rajaei
2.  Seyed-Mahdi Khaligh-Razavi
3.  Masoud Ghodrati
4.  Reza Ebrahimpour
5.  Mohammad Ebrahim Shiri Ahmad Abadi
  Status:   Published
  Journal: Plos One
  Vol.:  7
  Year:  2012
  Pages:   1-12
  Supported by:  IPM
  Abstract:
The brain mechanism of extracting visual features for recognizing various objects has consistently been a controversial issue in computational models of object recognition. To extract visual features, we introduce a new, biologically motivated model for facial categorization, which is an extension of the Hubel and Wiesel simple-to-complex cell hierarchy. To address the synaptic stability versus plasticity dilemma, we apply the Adaptive Resonance Theory (ART) for extracting informative intermediate level visual features during the learning process, which also makes this model stable against the destruction of previously learned information while learning new information. Such a mechanism has been suggested to be embedded within known laminar microcircuits of the cerebral cortex. To reveal the strength of the proposed visual feature learning mechanism, we show that when we use this mechanism in the training process of a well-known biologically motivated object recognition model (the HMAX model), it performs better than the HMAX model in face/non-face classification tasks. Furthermore, we demonstrate that our proposed mechanism is capable of following similar trends in performance as humans in a psychophysical experiment using a face versus non-face rapid categorization task.

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