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Paper   IPM / Particles / 12391
School of Particles and Accelerator
  Title:   Measurement of the underlying event in the Drell-Yan process in proton-proton collisions at sqrt(s) = 7 TeV
  Author(s): 
1.  Hessamadin Arfaei
2.  Hamed Bakhshiansohi
3.  Seyed Mohsen Etesami
4.  Ali Fahim
5.  Majid Hashemi
6.  Hoda Hesari
7.  Abideh Jafari
8.  Mohsen Khakzad
9.  A Mohammadi
10.  Mojtaba Mohammadi Najafabadi
11.  Saeid Paktinat
12.  Batool Safarzadeh
13.  Maryam Zeinali
  Status:   Published
  Journal: Eur. Phys. J. C
  No.:  2080
  Vol.:  72
  Year:  2012
  Supported by:  IPM
  Abstract:
A measurement of the underlying event (UE) activity in proton-proton collisions at a centre-of-mass energy of 7 TeV is performed using Drell-Yan events in a data sample corresponding to an integrated luminosity of 2.2 inverse femtobarns, collected by the CMS experiment at the LHC. The activity measured in the muonic final state (q q-bar to opposite sign muons) is corrected to the particle level and compared with the predictions of various Monte Carlo generators and hadronization models. The dependence of the UE activity on the dimuon invariant mass is well described by PYTHIA and HERWIG++ tunes derived from the leading jet/track approach, illustrating the universality of the UE activity. The UE activity is observed to be independent of the dimuon invariant mass in the region above 40 GeV, while a slow increase is observed with increasing transverse momentum of the dimuon system. The dependence of the UE activity on the transverse momentum of the dimuon system is accurately described by MADGRAPH, which simulates multiple hard emissions

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