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Paper   IPM / Cognitive Sciences / 12181
School of Cognitive Sciences
  Title:   Influence of N-methyl D-aspartate receptor mechanism on WIN55, 212-2-induced amnesia in rat dorsal hippocampus
1.  Nida Jamali-Raeufy
2.  Mohammad Nasehi
3.  Mohammad-Reza Zarrindast
  Status:   Published
  Journal: Behavioral Pharmacology
  Vol.:  22
  Year:  2011
  Pages:   645-654
  Supported by:  IPM
In this study, we investigated the effects of both N-methyl D-aspartate (NMDA) and MK-801 on WIN55,212-2(WIN)- induced amnesia in rats. Step-through inhibitory avoidance of memory was used to examine the retrieval of memory, 24 h after training. All drugs were injected bilaterally into the dorsal hippocampus (intra-CA1) of rats. Pretraining and posttraining or pretesting administration of the nonselective CB1/CB2 receptor agonist, WIN (0.5 �g/rat), decreased the step-through latency. However, amnesia induced by pretraining or posttraining injections of WIN was reversed by a pretest administration of WIN (0.25 and 0.5 �g/rat). Pretest microinjections of different doses of NMDA (0.1, 0.5, and 1 �g/rat) elicited no response, but NMDA (0.5 and 1�g/rat) did induce full recovery from amnesia induced by WIN (0.5 �g/rat). The posttraining and pretest injection of a higher dose of the NMDA receptor antagonist, MK801 (MK; 4 �g/rat), caused an impairment in the memory retrieval. However, amnesia induced by posttraining injections of MK (4 �g/rat) was reversed by a pretest administration of MK (4 �g/rat). In addition, pretest administration of different doses of the antagonist (2 and 4 �g/rat) induced full recovery of WIN-induced amnesia, but did not influence memory recovery in the subjects, which had received posttraining (0.5 �g/rat) and pretest WIN (0.25 and 0.5 �g/rat). Pretesting coadministration of ineffective doses of WIN (0.1 �g/rat) with NMDA (0.1 �g/rat), but not with MK (1 �g/rat), restored WIN-induced (0.5 �g/rat) amnesia. It can be concluded that the NMDA receptor mechanism located in the dorsal hippocampus may be involved in WIN-induced amnesia.

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